Steel sheets - types and application in the construction industry
Steel sheets are metallurgical products with a wide range of applications in various industries. Let's check what sheets can be most often found at steel wholesalers.
Types of steel sheets used in the construction industry
There are three main types of steel sheets used in the construction industry. The first type are hot-rolled sheets. They are ideal for projects where further processing of the sheet is planned, as well as for projects where perfect smoothness is not required from the sheet surface. The production of hot-rolled steel sheets requires also less energy, which makes them cheaper to manufacture compared to cold-rolled sheets.
The second type of sheets are of course the cold-rolled sheets. Compared to hot-rolled sheets, they have a smoother and thinner surface. They are characterized by being less prone to stretching and by having better strength/resistance values.
There are project where corrosion resistance is a key factor. Here, galvanized metal sheets come into play as the best solution. These sheets are either hot-rolled or cold-rolled metallurgical products covered in a special zinc coating.
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What characterizes steel sheets?
Steel sheets, in addition to a different production process, can also be characterized by, among others, a different thickness. Until recently, the used technology did not allow the production of hot-rolled sheet with less than 3 mm thickness. Today, these sheets can be manufactured even below 1.2 mm.
Like other metallurgical products, sheets are made of steel, which comes in many different grades. For example, low carbon steel or high yield strength steel can be used for the production of the sheets and plates. The used type of steel largely determines the durability and properties of the product.
It is also worth knowing that a sheet of steel does not always have to be a completely full, coherent structure. A perforated metal sheet can be put as an example with holes that make up a regular pattern of perforation.